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Agaie Emirate

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Niger State Government

Arewa House

 

Land Mass:- 874 Square miles

Location:-  Longitude 60⁰ 30'E – 70⁰ 30'E and Latitude 80⁰ 30'E – 90⁰ 00'E of the Equator.

Physical Characteristics:- Located within the basement complex area of the country characterized by- Different forms of sedimentary rocks, sand stores and alluvial deposits a long Niger valley.

Climate:- Conducive climate, healthy environment, immense opportunities for socio-economic and agricultural activities.
Dry and wet destined seasons.

Rainfall:- April through November.
Concentration around July and August.
1,600 mm in the South
1,200 mm in the North
Duration – 150 – 210 days.

Mean Temperature:- 32⁰C.

Vegetation:- The vegetation of Agaie is found within the vegetation of the State (Niger). The natural vegetation of the State mainly comprises guinea savannah that covers the entire landscape of the State. While characterized by the wood lands and tall grasses (in some parts) interspersed with tall dense species. Within Agaie taller trees occur (through flood plains) as well as oil palm trees. In some areas, traces of rain forest species can be seen.

Soil:-
Three major soils types:
Ferruginous tropical
Hydromorphic
Ferrosols

The most predominant soil type is the ferruginous tropical soils. Basically derived from the basement complex rocks and old sedimentary rocks.

Ferruginous tropical soils are ideal for cultivation of guinea corn, maize, millet and groundnut.

Social-Economic Characteristics

Ethnic groups:- Nupe, Dibo, Kakanda, Gana-Gana and Fulani.
Others include: Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba.

Stable Crops:-

Cereals (Guinea Corn, Millet, Maize and Rice).

Legumes (Compea, Bambara, Nuts)

Root and Tubers (Yam, Cassava and Potatoes)

Oil Feeds and Nuts (Soya beans, sheanuts, groundnut, beniseed and melon).

Fruits (Mango, Orange, Banana, Cashew and Guava) and others such as vegetables & sugarcane.

Agaie, by its location, soil and climate has opportunities for grazing, fishing and forestry.

THE AGAIE EMIRATE

2.0 Historical Background
Agaie Emirate was originally inhabited by the MAMAS before the coming of GANA GANAS. The EPAS (another tribe) came from KONTAGORA Division and conquered the GANA GANAS. These tribes were all ruled by ETSU MAJIA the son of ETSU EDOGI who was a relation of the Attah of Iddah (ATTAGARA).

2.1 The Fulanis
The Fulani’s came to Agaie (in 1820) after the ESTU MAJIA was driven across the NIGER by MALLAM DENDO with the help of MALLAM ALIMI, the first Emir of ILORIN.

2.1.1 MALLAM BABBA
MALLAM MUHAMMADU MALLAM BABBA was the founder of the present AGAIE Fulani Dynasty. He was a KATSINA-FULANI, he left RABBAH for a cottage called NANKO-SHENPA (3 miles west of AGAIE). His conquests extended as far as the KADUNA River on the West and included BARO, KATCHA and THITSU on the River Niger. MALLAM BABBA moved from NANKO-SHENPA to Agaie in 1827. He conquered the EPAS, GANA-GANAS and MAMAS.

2.2 The Emirate
Mallam Babba sent his younger brother SULAIMANU to the Emir of Gwandu requesting permission to install his son (Abdullahi) as the Emir of AGAIE on permission, ABDULLAHI was installed the first Emir (Etsu) of AGAIE in 1832.

2.2.1 The Mai-Yaki
DAUDU MAZA was the Mai-Yaki (Chief of Defence Staff) of MALLAM BABBA. He was sent to LAPAI to raid the PA GANE. Thereafter, DAUDU MAZA established himself and obtained an official permission from MALLAM ABDULLAHI, the Emir of Gwandu to appoint himself as the Emir of LAPAI.

2.2.2 The Etsus

 

a. ETSU ABDULLAI I, 1832 – 1855
Estu Abdullahi 1 was the son of MALLAM BABBA (Founder of AGAIE). He was the first Etsu AGAIE. He reigned for 23 years and was succeeded by MAMMAN-DIKKO (Muhammaduko) his son in 1855.

b. MAMMAN-DIKKO (MUHAMMADUKO) 1855 – 1877
MAMMAN DIKKO (MUHAMMADUKO) Mamman-Dikko was the second Etsu AGAIE and the son of Abdullahi 1. He joined MASSABA ETSU NUPE (BIDA) and JANTABO the Emir of Lapai to conquer Umar, the famous and powerful BORNO man. MASSABA afterwards was jealous of AGAIE when MAMMAN-DIKKO extended AGAIE walls about more than half a mile to the south. Massaba sent his Makun to raid AGAIE Farmers at EKAGI near KATCHA but they were all driven back to BIDA by AGAIE people without success. MAMMAN-DIKKO died after having reigned for 22 years and was succeeded by M. Nuhu, a son of SULAIMANU.

c. ETSU NUHU, 1877 – 1900
He was the third Etsu AGAIE. He assisted BIDA in fighting against NIGER COMPANY. This was a clear demonstration of cooperation that existed between AGAIE an BIDA since during the time of MALLAM BABBA and MALLAM DENDO. These are prominent figures in NUPE history. ETSU NUHU married the first daughter of ETSU UMARU MAJIGI (3RD ETSU NUPE BIDA). He died in 1900 and ABUBAKAR 1, the son of ABDULLAHI 1 became the 4th ETSU AGAIE.

d. ETSU ABUBAKAR I, 1900 – 1919
Abubakar was a very wise and successful ruler. He did not help BIDA during the second fighting against the NIGER COMPANY. When BIDA was defeated. ABUBAKAR the Emir of BIDA fled through AGAIE to LAPAI. The soldiers of NIGER Company followed him up to LAPAI and returned to BIDA through AGAIE. It was during the reign of ETSU ABUBAKAR I that the District and village heads were first established in AGAIE Emirate. AGAIE was joined with LAPAI to form a Division. The Divisional Office and the full D.O. in charge of the Division as well as the Prison Yard were at BARO during that period. He died in 1919 and was succeeded by MALLAMA ABUBAKAR II, ETSU NUHU’s son.

e. ETSU ABUBAKAR II, 1919 – 1926
After his installation as the ETSU AGAIE, he moved the Divisional Office and the Prison Yard from BARO to AGAIE in 1920. He opened the present AGAIE Sunday Market. He was a great farmer and used to keep many horses and cattle. He died in 1926 and was succeeded by MALLAM ABDULLAHI, the son of KPOTUN BUHARI who was MAMMAN-DIKKO’s son.

f. ETSU ABDULLAHI II, 1926 – 1936
ETSU ABDULLAHI was famous and powerful Emir of AGAIE. He had a strong personality since he was District Head of ESSANGI, KINTIFIN. The District Heads were discontinued during his reign. He appointed MALLAM ALIYU as a supervisor of all village heads of both KINTIFIN and KINTAKO District areas including the AGAIE town ward heads. He was very interested in keeping animals such as gold horses, cows, sheep etc. He died in 1936 and suceeded by Alhaji Aliyu the son of Abubakar II as the Emir of AGAIE.

g. ETSU ALHAJI ALIYU, 1936 – 1953
He attended provincial school Kano ad was first appointed ward head of AGAIE Town. He became the district head of Kintako at WADATA near BARO. He later became supervisor of the village heads of the whole AGAIE Emirate. He was installed the ETSU AGAIE in 1936 by His Excellency, Sir. BERWARD BOURDILLON G.C.M. G., K.B.E., the Governor General of Nigeria.After his installation, he asked the Resident Niger through the S.D.O. BIDA to appoint 2 Councilors who would act as district heads. When he got the permission, he appointed RUFYAN AGAIE, the son of Kpotun MAMMAN SANI as his councilor and district head of Kintifin MAMMAN-DIKKO NKOCI (Later Makun) was appointed District Head of Kintako and also Etsu’s Councilor.

ALHAJI ALIYU was the first Emir of AGAIE who went on Pilgrimage to MECCA by Air, along with 2 aids, ALHAJI ISA EGGAN and SHEHU ALAHJI DAGBA. They returned to AGAIE in the month of September, 1950. ETSU ALHAJI ALIYU died in 1953 and was succeeded by MUHAMMADU BELLO, the son of MALLAM MUHAMMADU LAFENE, a District Head of Tagagi in Kintako.

 

h. ETSU ALHAJI MUHAMMADU BELLO, 1953 - 1989
He was elected by the electors of the inner council of AGAIE Native Authority (Majalisar Gargajiya) in 1953. He was installed by His Excellency the Officer Administering the Government of Northern Region of Nigeria, H.R.E. BROWN E., Esq O.B.E. on the 27th October, 1954. He was the first to rule in accordance with the condition of civilized society of Local Government. Agaie Emirate witnessed a lot of developments under his rule. The only 2 senior secondary schools (Dendo & Government Girls’) were established under him. The AGAIE rural Health Centre was also created. He moved the Sunday Market from central Township to its present location (BIDA-KATCHA Road Intersection). ETSU BELLO also rebuilt the AGAIE Central Mosque. He died in 1989 and was succeeded by ATTAHIRU the son of ETSU ALIYU.
 
i. ETSU MUHAMMADU ATTAHIRU, 1989 - 1994
ETSU ATTAHIRU was installed in 1989 by the then military regime of Col LAWAN GWADABE. He was powerful and  fearless leader, respected among his pairs. ETSU ATTAHIRU was however, dethroned in 1994 by the Military regime of COL CLETUS EMEIN the then Military Governor of Niger State. This was due to allegation of murder of late ALHAJI IBRAHIM TSADU former Chairman AGAIE Local Government. He was later cleared of the allegation.

j. THE PERIOD 1994 – 1996
AGAIE was without substantive Emir during this period due to the pending trial of ETSU ATTAHIRU. It was a dull moment for the entire AGAIE people.

k. ETSU ABUBAKAR III, 1996 – 1998
He was appointed ETSU AGAIE in 1996. He was however, engaged in the battle of suit filed in the court by his predecessor. ETSU ATTAHIRU. Hence, his official installation and presentation of staff of office could not take place throughout his 2 years of reign. He died in 1998 but without immediate successor.

* THE PERIOD 1998 – 1999

AGAIE was yet left without an Emir after the death of ETSU ABUBAKAR III. This was because ETSU ATTAHIRU was still challenging his wrongful removal at the court of law. He was later cleared and re-installed in 1999 by the Executive Governor of Niger State, Engr. A. A. Kure

l. ETSU MUHAMMADU ATTAHIRU, 1999 –2003

He was returned to AGAIE in 1999 after about 5 years in exile. He was the only ETSU who ruled AGAIE at 2 different times. First as the 9th Emir and later as 11th Emir of AGAIE. When he settled down for the second time, he rebuilt the ETSU NUHU Mosque and established it as second Juma’at Mosque. The Mosque is still under construction. ETSU ATTAHIRU died in 2004 and was succeeded by ETSU MUHAMMADU KUDU, the son of ETSU ABUBAKAR III.

m. ETSU MUHAMMADU KUDU ABUBAKAR III, 2004 – TILL DATE